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Das verlorene Paradies. In: Rosel Gollek ed. Bern In: Revue du Louvre 53 , p. New York In: Bernd Apke and Ingrid Ehrhardt eds. Von Munch bis Mondrian Ostfildern Art and Artists in Turn-of-the-Century Munich.
In: PAN 2. In: Klaus Lankheit ed. Dokumentarische Neuausgabe. Modernism and Its Enemies in Imperial Germany. In: Carl Vinnen ed. Jena In: Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen 5. Berlin , p. In: Wort und Wahrheit 6 , p. In: Jessica Ulrich et al. In: Die bedeutenden Kunstausstellungen des Jahrhunderts in Deutschland. In: Richard Faber and Christine Holste eds. Zur Soziologie moderner Intellektuellenassoziationen. Utopia and Despair. Ein Beitrag zur Stilpsychologie. Leiden Direkt zum Inhalt. In: Textpraxis 12 1. Jean Marie. Weltdurchschauung over Weltanschauung Besides the intrinsic value it had for him personally, Marc urged viewers to look at the world through the eyes of animals as a way of more generally practicing Weltdurchschauung over and against Weltanschauung.
List of Illustrations Figure 1. In: Art in America 70 , p. Dresden Stuttgart Chicago Katalog der Werke. Sein Leben und seine Kunst. Manchester Hamburg Leipzig Dordrecht Marc provides a thorough and detailed account of the making of this portrait in a letter to August Macke dated 14 February , even going so far as to include a small sketch of the composition and a very detailed description of the mixing and blending of the pigments.
Franz Marc and August Macke: Briefwechsel. Provenance inferred from the data compiled by Hoberg and Jansen: Franz Marc ref. Carl Vinnen ed. For a full account of the various personalities and issues at stake in the Vinnen affair, see Shearer West: The Visual Arts in Germany. Manchester , p. For a comprehensive explanation of the market and social forces that faced the historical avant-gardes, two pioneering works by Peter Paret remain peerless: The Berlin Secession. Leiden , p. See Macke and Franz Marc: Briefwechsel ref. Bern , p.
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In: Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen 5 , p. Columbia University, New York Jena , p. However, along with Adolf Behne, Kandinsky and George called for collaboration and unification of the arts through opera, theater, music, poetry, and architecture, embracing the relatively recent movement toward Gesamtkunstwerk. In: Franz Marc: Schriften.
Klaus Lankheit ed. Marc acknowledges his suicidal ideations and discusses depression openly as well in letters to his brother, Paul Marc, and to August Macke and Maria Marc. Leipzig , p. August Macke was also drawn away from Bonn to Tegernsee, a small town near Sindelsdorf in Oberbayern, where he too worked in the comfortable seclusion of his own studio.
Chicago , p. These monographs are: Alois J. Schardt: Franz Marc. Berlin ; Klaus Lankheit: Franz Marc. Berlin ; and Klaus Lankheit: Franz Marc. These are commendable works of scholarship; the authors simply did not have the resources of information about the provenance of missing or hidden works that has emerged in the decades since World War II. Alois J. Schardt, who was also the director of the Moritzburg Museum at Halle from to , came perilously close to calling the painting Der Gelbe Hund , according to notes from his biography on Marc, despite receiving some cooperation from Maria Marc in its compilation.
See Alois J. Dresden , p. However, the available data indicates Marc was committed to the idea of identifying Russi by name, and that he devoted much practice to making copies of the dog in the physical and psychological state of daydreaming, or somnambulance. Macke and Marc: Briefwechsel ref. Dordrecht , p. Paris , p. Marc, who was bilingual in French and German, kept a diary of his trip to Paris in in French, and notes almost daily excursions to the Louvre. On pet portraits from the tradition of academic art to more discursive practices, particularly within a political framework but also more generally see Francis D.
The ploy worked, and the French authorities granted Lorman contact with other prisoners and even a job in the cookhouse. Lorman was finally released on February 19, , when he was But it would be years before Lorman and his family would be reunited. Rudi Janssen experienced detention at the hands of the British. A country lad, he volunteered for service a year early at 17 in the first months of and was later called up to the Waffen SS.
Trained as a signalman, he eventually arrived on the Eastern Front with a panzer unit in In early the Red Army started its drive into Nazi territory. Pushed back to positions near the Bay of Danzig, Janssen and his comrades endured a heavy artillery barrage that lasted several days while higher command attempted to evacuate the unit. Those lucky enough to be evacuated were taken to positions on a nearby peninsula, though still within range of the Red Army guns.
Wounded in the leg by shrapnel during the bombardment, Janssen was later evacuated to Rostock by fast boat. Janssen and five comrades went to a nearby station and jumped on a westbound freight train. He decided to head back to the Trave River and dispose of his pistol and paybook. Returning to the hospital, he soon heard the approach of military vehicles. The British were coming. After being searched for weapons, the German troops in the hospital were told to await further instructions.
They had pulled a train of cattle trucks into the station. They had straw on the floor of the trucks, and we were put into the trucks and locked up. Guards were placed on the platform. This was my first night of captivity. After a few days, the British separated the SS men from the rest of the prisoners and sent them, including Janssen, to a newly liberated concentration camp near Hamburg. It was pretty rough and still a little cold, as it was mid-May.
There were no blankets, and we slept on concrete and were questioned frequently, although not every day…. None of us could speak English, and none of our guards could speak German, so there was no way of making conversation. After 10 days or so, they were moved to a large bordered-off zone in the Schleswig-Holstein region where again there was no accommodation. We were left to our own devices. As far as food was concerned, we had to grab what we could. A lot of stealing was going on—we grabbed potatoes from the fields. Ears of corn were stripped off around the cornfields. Most survived.
One day a batch of British soldiers arrived and announced they were looking for volunteers from among the POWs. Janssen put his name forward and soon found himself working as a clerk processing repatriation papers.
Tellingly, those prioritized for return worked in agriculture or food production. In early , his job as a clerk over, Janssen was put onto a train of cattle trucks that was locked up and then started to roll. All of us from the train were taken to a camp that I believe was at a place called Berchan. The camp population, I believe, was close to 36, POWs. The situation here was pretty rough, and we often went hungry. On April 6 Janssen joined a detachment sent to England.
The men were given hearty rations at a transit camp. Performing various jobs for the British army, Janssen found the conditions not only acceptable but almost comfortable. If you spoke good English, you would be used as a squad leader and, importantly, an interpreter—a skill much in demand. In , his last year of captivity, Janssen took up a British offer to extend his time in England as a farm laborer in return for regular pay and the opportunity to wear civilian clothes. Living in rural Surrey and by then fluent in English, Janssen felt himself integrated with the local community.
When he returned to Germany on Christmas , he took up another offer for former POWs to go back to Britain and continue working as agricultural laborers. Soon after he returned in , he married. For Janssen, despite some tough times at the start, being a POW had led to the happiest of conclusions. For more great articles, subscribe to Military History magazine today! I cannot seem to find it any where on-line. Thanks fo any suggestions. Varied, some as late as the early s, mostly officers.
My wifes uncle returned from captivity in the Soviet Union in He was an air force radar technician captured by the Soviets in and used as virtual slave labor until out of the blue being let go. He was 19 when captured. My gosh thats terrible, really some day germany need some justice. Germany suffered so badly by the worst corrupt allies against them…. There is a lot revolving around this war that does not make sense.
I know the German pows killed and starved were in the millions. What makes me mad is that just because innocent people responsible for the destruction of the German economy were placed into camps theyt also led to the destruction of the German people while keeping them under suppression today. There would be a big story if someone had returned in If you can post any confirming link, that would be interesting. Especially of the few thousand Russian Red army who switched side and fought for the Nazi in the western front.
There are many others who befriend the locals around the area nearby, married American women and stay after the war. Most of them are located in the mid-west where majority Americans are German or central Europena decendents. Apparently most of the POW camps had very relaxed control then and even allowed inmates to go out to the towns. Did any of the POWs that were eventually released some in , write a book?
Did the German government help these men with jobs, housing? I am really upset that Roosevelt and Churchill did nothing to help these Germans. Stalin was playing them as fools and they just followed. I read Stalin viewed Roosevelt as an invalid, and Churchill as a drunk. The Russians committed terrible crimes. Eisenhower had them declared unarmed enemies so that they did not fall under the protection of the Geneva convention. The German soliders tryed to surrender to the Americans in hopes of better treatment. But Eisenhower had a order out that they were not to be given food water shelter or medical care.
They were kept in large fenced in areas surrounded by guards and starved to death. The numbers are stagering it is easy to find information on this subject just look up Eisenhower camps or the treatment of German POWs after WW11 by Americans or by Russians. When I was in Zwiebrucken Germany in 83 the landlord was in a Russian POW camp for 7 years and told me he was never allowed to stand-up. That is about all I can remember because my german was not that good back then. I also cannot locate any books that are written about German WWII soldiers who were say captured at Stalingrad en masse and became Russian prisoners.
I wish to know about their experiences in the Gulags and hear about the lucky few who managed to survive and become repatriated to Germany. Can anyone please provide a list of books. If somebody wants a challenge and have good English and German — please translate this when you have a spare week or two!!!
He is one of the few who made it back to Germany. My mother his daughter says he used to paint portraits in the camp to earn extra rations. No — My father went home from Russian prison camp mines actually in and there was nothing for hime — a small amount of money and clothes from the red cross was all he got. He eventually got a war pension because he lost use of his hand.
I remember reading it as a youth and it made an everlasting impression on me as to what the POWs went through and how they survived. Those switched russian pows or general Vlasov soldiers sent to gulags further they sent to various hard labor camps. Also japanese pows used in various hard labor camps in several Mongolian locations.
They were even lined up, after being unloaded from British ships in Murmansk, and shot on the dockside. There would not have been a war crimes trial after the war if Stalin had had his way….. Look at the Katyn incident that happened early on…over 20, Poles were line up and shot by the Russians and then buried in mass graves…. The neutrality treaty signed by both Stalin and Hitler prior to the war, clearly out-lined what was going to happen to Poland and what part of Poland was going to the Russians and what part would be given to Germany….. Keep in mind that Poland had been recreated at the end of World War I and most of the land that was set aside for the new Poland came from previous German and Russian territory….
Europe was nearly won and as far as he knew the russians werent going to help against Japan. Nor did they. Yeah they did, check your facts. Stalin launched a massive attack on the Japanese in Manchuria which involved a classic double pincer movement. Hremained in the USA after the war. He receives veteren benefits from Germany every month still!
He said he worked on a flower farm as a prisoner and was treated so well he wanted to remain here. He was a panzer commander for the SS Totenkopf division but was not a war criminal. He does have the tattoo under his armpit. He has only returned to germany maybe 2 times. He loves the USA. I served with a man whose father commanded apanzer regt.
After all Stalin was a lot longer in power then Hitler and he ended up killing around 20 million of his own people. Johan Baptist Gruneisl was his name. I have been doing alot of research on my other uncle that was in 5 different concentration camps as a political prisoner. And looking for records on my other uncle as well. Kirt Eschmann is his name. Seattle Mike I think you should e-mail me there are a few things I would like to tell you. Interesting to hear about your father in law ; I am making a book about lost German prisoners in Russia and USA and already found some interesting stories Could you please contact me on my email Adam.
I hope the people in high power have knowledge of history. Thankfully, the bombs made that unnecessary. As my father had prior service, he had enough points to get an early discharge. He was sent west from Czechoslovakia to Cherbourg for his return home in September As he crossed Germany, he noticed railway trains packed with German prisoners also heading west.
He asked where they were going, and was told they were being sent to work in France — as slave laborers! They had not wanted the war. He said it was right to make Germany pay reparations, but it was wrong to turn ordinary Germans into slaves. Yet such was the fate of many prisoners for years after the war, and not only in the East. My dad had met the Russians on the Elbe and later in Czechoslovakia. He told of pulling back from captured villages, then seeing the Russians move in and immediately begin looting or worse.
My mother told me one of the first things my father said about the war was that the US quit too soon.
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He said the US was the only country with the atomic bomb, and should have told Stalin the war was over and the Russians should go back to their own borders. It has always amazed me that Britain and France declared war only on Hitler. Were they afraid of Stalin? Future historians may well regard the midth Century as a time when civilization went backwards, instead of forwards. It was a return to barbarism.
II do wonder how the world would be today if such a stand off would of took place over russian controlled area and US during that time. Would of been ugly I think. More bombs in eastern europe or hundreds of thousands of troops fighting still after German surrender. OH MAN. All by prior agreement. Stalin and Hitler had agreed which bits of Europe they were interested in and given each other the green light to do as they pleased.
The west chose to turn a blind eye to Stalins activities and only declared war on Germany. They supported Stalin after Hitler invaded Russia and quite simply bent over backwards to please him. They turned a blind eye to the millions he had already murdered and continued to. Not forgetting the many hundreds of thousands of innocent people that the West repatriated to Russia knowing that they were facing extermination. The real suffering for the Germans came after the war. Many Germans were left in Hungary, Czechoslavakia, Yugoslavia, etc.
These were Germans that had been living in these countries for hundreds of years yet maintained their culture, etc. These people were then incarcerated and used as slave labour, starved, murdered, etc. I recently read about some Czech writers and film makers that had dared talk about the crimes that had been commited against innocent German people — obviously these people are not popular.
My mother was a German who survived the war. She did not speak of any mistreatment but she had returned to her home town just before the war ended. Yet I do know what you mean about Germans that no ones is interested in hearing about. My uncle was arrested in I believe that was the date so far that is the earliest record I can find of him in a concentration camp. So far I have found records of him being in 5 of them. But what is interesting when you search for these records you find that many times German political prisoners are referred to as criminal prisoners.
Many sights do not even mention them at all. They were vitiams as well but after the war they were hunted down as war criminals and sent to Russian Gulags to die or to serve long hard sentences. My uncle crime was that he did not belong to Hitlers political party. He went to his home town to visit his family the gestopo came to the door and took him for questioning. It got late so his sister took a coat and some food to the head quarters.
She was told to forget she ever knew him,and to never come back or she would disapear as well. His family knew nothing of what happended to him he remained in the camps from While in the camps he was made to be a kapo more then likely because he could speak several langues. He was never tried at any of the war trails after the war as alot of Kapos were. Yet in for some reason that his family does not know. He went with a woman that no one seems to know into East Germany where a Polish Jew is said to have recognized him from the camps.
I have searched many places and have been unable to find any trail yet he was sent to a Russian Gulag for 7 years when he was released he weighed about pounds he was over 6 foot. He had turberculos sp? Totally concur with your father. The fact that the British went to war over Poland but ignored the fact that Stalin occupied one half of the country too.
I do think this is exaggerated, but i reckon the truth is somewhere in between. The French were particularly vicious in their treatment of German prisoners, and they had much less reason to hate them than the Russians. The slaughter of millions defenceless men, women and children for the reasons of racist ideology cannot possibly be justified for any reason, and that those German generals who claimed that the Einsatzgruppen were a necessary anti-partisan response were lying This is just incredible how some people from Germany are working hard to glorify the shameless fact from own history.
The historical true is that Germany started the WWII and whatever happened during next 6 years after 1-Sep and whatever happened during next 40 years of Soviet domination in Central and Eastern Europe was just a simple a consequence of the ideology born in Germany ruled by democratically elected government. Most if not all were undernourished and exhausted. There are other references. The two books were heavily contributed to by surviving German , former POWs.
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It is the only US publisher extant, brave enough to expose Soviet atrocities Americans have never heard of. Reports by people who visted such battlefields and viewed mile upon mile of Soviet skeletons, were later suppressed by the Marxist European Union. However, they did not stop quikmaneuvers. In the early s the reds began to buildoze those boneyards to literally cover up their crimes against humanity. Do you know the titles? Thank you very much, Ulrike. It is my firm belief that we should have rearmed the German Army at the end of the war and finished what the Germans started in Russia.
The USSR was the biggest joke of the 20th century. And as far as the Japanese go, at the end of the war we should have found out the names of EVERY SINGLE Japanese soldier who had anything to do with guarding our POWS, and they should have been hunted down and shot or thrown into the same environment that they meted out to our helpless, unarmed and wounded soldiers that they had captured. Like take what they did to the Chinese civilians in Nanking. And as for not taking Emperor Hirihito out into public and shooting him in front of his people was a big mistake. Good Old Dugout Doug.
And what about the Italians? That is something that puzzles me quite a bit. I watch the History Channel and I am really into 20th century history and if you ever notice you will NEVER see anything about how the Italians killed alot of our people. My Grandfather was killed at Anzio by those little Bastards! And I wonder if the German People have ever thanked their lucky stars, The ones who were under our control at the end of the war That the American People are so kind Hearted.
They treated me like the Proverbial, Red Headed Stepchild.
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All in All I am happy that we tried to befriend the German People at the end of the war because I have German ancestry. You know? Dont forget about all the German propaganda that helped the war machine. Even if Hitler never went nuts, there was still other ways to better Germany than attacking the neighboring countries. My mother was born in Nazi Germany. I had a uncle in the SS and a Uncle in a concentration camps because he was considered a political prisoner. My father was an American solider that served in Germany. He met my mother there.
So it makes me upset when I hear so much misinformation. Such as how kind the U. S was to German POWs. Better check historical facts on that one. And those of you that think dropping the two bombs on Japan was a good thing should also look into history. The bomb, however politically incorrect it may seem to you through eyes, was the best weapon to end the war and prevent more loss of life against a foe controlled by military leaders determined to fight to the death- no matter the military and civilian casualties.
What would you tell the American mother of a son who had landed at normandy, survived through VE day, only to be gunned down on the beaches of Honshu- only to find out later we had a weapon that could have prevented it. The entire thing sickens and angers me. As do the silly masses, still to this day reciting anti-German war time propaganda as fact over 65 years later when so much of the accusations against them have proven entirely baseless and much of it impossible to have even happened.
Nobody learned a damned thing, but everybody sure thinks they have. Also, from the public records it appears Japan had tried to surrender numerous times before hand. I guess they werent good enough tries? So glad I found this site. We the U. Since it happened twice in the same century, this was a great loss for Germany.
Thanks for your informative site. The sympathy for Nazi PWs is interesting. My uncle was arrested and sent to Auschwitz as a political prisoner from there he was sent to Buchenwald. After the war in he was arrested again and charged with war crimes because he was a Kapo. Which means he was forced to be a participant in the mistreatment of other prisoners. There were also Jewish Kapos in the camps. They were not given a option if they refused to be Kapos they were excuted.
This man spent a large part of his life in concentration camps his orginal crime was oppossing Hilter. They had no choice, if not they where hung on the next tree as exsample to the others. They too wre in uniform and ended up as POW. My grandfather was a courier for the German air force who was captured by the Russians and spent 3 years as a prisioner in a Russian coal mine at the town of Makeevka, near Stalino.
He wrote a piece for the Georgia Atlanta Journal and Constitution Magazine in about his experiences there. He and his family escaped to the US in My grandfather may have served with the German army though I figure quite reluctantly but his heart was always filled with American values and ideas. I guess I share this to say that not all German soldiers were fighting for the support of Germany but were forced to serve. Much appreciated that your family made the effort to tell his story, and to have those memories now available to the world….
Seems to me that there are many sides to any story, especially anything concerning European history. My Father was 16 when he was sent to France as a German soldier in the horse artillery. A year later in he was a POW and sent to Colorado. He said bombers flattened his unit of men until there were only 6 left. After the war, where was he to go?
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So he stayed in England where he met my Mom and married in The entire faith of German prisoners still covered with great confidentiality from both British, Russian Authority!! It might be 50 years from now where people will find documents that tell the truth about the number of died from German sides in concentration camps of postwar.
What a pity! My mother was a 15 year old girl when the Russians came through in what is now Poland. She was in a basement with my grandmother and another German woman. The Russians came into the basement and threatened them. There is always a lot of passion in each oven that we produce. Ends between Zazzaro Forni grazie ad una consolidata esperienza professionale maturata nella progettazione e produzione di attrezzature per la ristorazione, From the port of Sorrento, let us take you to discover the Amalfi coast and Capri!
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